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Oil, Gas Production Tries to Keep Up With Demand

By Alex Mills

The demand for crude oil and natural gas around the world has created upward pressure on price even though production is rising.

Crude oil in the U.S. is approaching record levels, outpacing Saudi Arabia and Russia, the other leading producing countries.

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects U.S. crude oil production to surpass 12.9 million barrels per day for the first time in late 2023 and to exceed 13 million barrels per day in early 2024, according to its monthly Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) released this week. EIA forecasts U.S. crude oil production to average 12.8 million barrels per day in 2023, which is 200,000 barrels per day more than in its July forecast.

EIA expects sustained global demand for petroleum products will continue to rise.

The Brent crude oil price (which is on the international exchange based in London) was near $75 per barrel at the beginning of July and increased throughout the month to surpass $86 per barrel on August 4, EIA stated. EIA forecasts the Brent crude oil price to increase the rest of 2023 and to approach $90 per barrel in late 2023….


Texas Energy Report NewsClips Friday August 18, 2023 Asterisk (*) denotes news stories that may be inaccessible because portions are behind a paywall   Top Stories   Politico-E&E News – August 17, 2023 …

The Mysterious Case of Disappearing Electricity Demand: IEA

August 5, 2023 — Electricity is at the heart of modern life, and so it’s easy to assume that our reliance on electricity will increase or even accelerate. However, in many advanced economies the data reveals a surprisingly different story.

Electricity demand has increased by around 70% since 2000, and in 2017, global electricity demand increased by a further 3%. This increase was more than any other major fuel, pushing total demand to 22 200 terawatt-hours (TWh). Electricity now accounts for 19% of total final consumption, compared to just over 15% in 2000.

Yet while global demand growth has been strong, there are major disparities across regions. In particular, in recent years electricity demand in advanced economies has begun to flatten or in some cases decline – in fact electricity demand fell in 18 out of 30 IEA member countries over the period 2010-2017. Several factors can account for this slowing of growth, but the key reason is energy efficiency.

There have been a range of new sources of electricity demand growth in advanced economies, including digitalization and the electrification of heat and mobility. However savings from energy efficiency have outpaced this growth. Energy efficiency measures adopted since 2000 saved almost 1 800 TWh in 2017, or around 20% of overall current electricity use….

Oil Prices Drop 20%, Expenditures Rise 26%

By Alex Mills

EDITOR’S NOTE: As publicly traded oil and gas companies begin reporting their second quarter financials, the Energy Information Administration released this week its financial analysis of first quarter 2023 of 40 exploration and production companies, which produced 31% (4 million barrels per day) of the oil in the U.S.  It does not include the smaller, privately held companies. Below is EIA’s analysis.

Crude oil prices have weakened since 2022 but remain relatively strong, which enhances cash flow as production in the U.S. sets records.

The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil price averaged $75.96 per barrel  in first quarter of 2023, a 20% ($19.21) decrease compared with first quarter 2022 and an 8% ($6.72) decrease compared with fourth quarter 2022.

Higher production resulted in cash from operations increasing 13% ($3.0 billion) compared with first quarter of 2022. Oil production nationwide has increased 1 million barrels per day in April (12.6 million barrels per day) compared to April 2022 (11.6 million barrels per day).

Capital expenditure in first quarter 2023 increased 26% ($3.5 billion) compared with first quarter 2022 to $16.7 billion and increased 12% ($1.8 billion) compared with fourth quarter 2022. Higher capital expenditure supported production increasing 9% (338,000 b/d) in first quarter 2023 from first quarter 2022 and 1% (59,000 b/d) from fourth quarter 2022…..

In “Watershed Moment” FERC Streamlines US Grid Interconnectivity

FERC Chairman Willie Phillips: “This is a watershed moment for our nation’s transmission grid. … This new rule will enable America’s vast power generation resources to connect to the grid in a reliable, efficient, transparent, and timely manner, and in doing so, help provide more reliable, resilient, and affordable electricity for all consumers.”

July 28, 2023 — The US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) passed a new rule on Thursday that’s finally going to streamline the backed-up US grid interconnection process.

At the end of 2022, there were more than 2,000 gigawatts of bottlenecked new power generation and storage waiting to be connected across the US. That’s the same amount of electricity generation capacity as all the power plants currently operating around the country.

Projects have faced an average wait of up to five years to connect to the grid – and today’s ruling is expected to shorten that wait (we’ll keep an eye on it to see to what extent). More from electrek.

Click here to see the video of the…

Natural Gas Becomes Powerful Energy Source

By Alex Mills

Natural gas has blossomed into a dominate source of energy, supplying 41% of the energy to generate electricity across the U.S. and in many parts of the world.

Just 50 years ago, the federal government restricted the transportation and usage of natural gas through price controls. The policies resulted in shortages on the interstate markets even though there were plenty of supplies in states that produced natural gas.

The advocates for free markets won many political and legal battles through the years, and natural gas has become the fuel of the future.

Natural gas production in the U.S. has increased for 23 consecutive months as electric power distribution and liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports continued to rise.

U.S. dry natural gas production in February averaged 101.5 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d), which is 7 Bcf/d (7.4%) higher than the same period in 2022, “the highest level for any month since 1973 when we began tracking dry natural gas production,” according to the Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA also noted gross withdrawals of 123.1 Bcf/d, which is a 6.8% increase over last year of 115.3 Bcf/d, and it is the “highest daily rate of gross withdrawals for any month since 1980, the earliest year in this data set.”

Consumption of natural gas for electric power increased 7% over February 2022…..

Led by Houston Chronicle, Trend Emerges Among Texas News Websites Name-Checking Oilmen Wilks, Dunn and Families

July 18, 2023 — Since the waning days of the 2023 Texas Legislature‘s regular session, a new trend has emerged among certain state news websites in consistently linking through political contributions two state officials with three state oil billionaires and two political action groups.

There is a current controversy revolving around some donors contributing to both Lieutenant Governor Dan Patrick and Attorney General Ken Paxton, who will take adversarial roles in Paxton’s September impeachment trial in the Texas Senate, yet prominent identification of the Texas oil billionaires by the news websites well precedes this controversy.

In more than a dozen articles over the past two months the Houston Chronicle and Texas Monthly have joined Reform Austin and the Austin Chronicle — and on Tuesday, Texas Tribune, NBCDFW-TV and the Dallas Morning News— in naming Midland-based Crownquest Operating‘s Tim Dunn and Frac Tech founders Dan and Ferris Wilks as broad contributors to Lt. Gov. Patrick’s and AG Paxton’s fundraising campaigns, linking them all closely with the political groups Empower Texans and Defend Texas Liberty.

The news articles identify the political leanings of the Wilks and Dunn families as “conservative” or “Libertarian.”

In many cases, Mr. Dunn and the Wilks brothers were not the biggest contributors to the fundraising campaigns mentioned.

The billionaires, known for political activism, reportedly bet against Governor Greg Abbott in the 2022 election, into which they poured millions of dollars.

These are the many news articles dating from mid-May through this week linking the state officials with the oilmen (and family members) and the two political groups:

Texas Oil and Gas Production Statistics for April 2023: RRC

July 14, 2023 — Statewide and county crude oil and natural gas production for April 2023 reported in the tables below came from 162,884 oil wells and 87,005 gas wells.

Crude oil production reported by the RRC is limited to oil produced from oil leases and does not include condensate, which is reported separately by the RRC. For full oil and gas production statistics, you can visit the links below….

A Surprising Number of Water Laws — Survey of New Texas Environmental and Regulatory Laws Enacted in the 88th Session: Cavender & Trahan


This is a brief survey of many of the environmental and regulatory laws passed by the Texas Legislature and signed by the Governor in the 88th Regular Session of the Legislature, which ended in May 2023, although a special session has been called to address lingering matters. Altogether, more than 1,000 laws were enacted in this session, including a surprising number of water-related environmental bills.



HB1565 relates to the functions of the Texas Water Development Board and continuation and functions of the State Water Implementation Fund for Texas Advisory Committee. Effective 9.1.23.

HB1699 relates to the authority of the Evergreen Underground Water Conservation District to impose certain fees. Effective 6.9.23.

HB1845 amends Section 37 of the Water Code to add Section 37.0045 relating to the licensing requirements for certain operators of wastewater systems and public water systems. Effective 9.1.23.

HB1949 amends Section 12.057(b) of the Natural Resources Code to require a final report by the Red River Boundary Commission no later than July 30, 2027. Effective 5.24.23.

HB1971 amends sections of the Water Code relating to the procedures for acting on a permit or permit amendment application by a groundwater conservation district and the disqualification of board members of groundwater conservation districts. Effective 6.9.23….

Update Saturday: Explosion, Fire at Dow Plant in Louisiana

Update: As of 8:30 pm Saturday, Dow Louisiana Operations stated that the fire has been greatly reduced in size but is still burning and Dow crews are working to keep the fire contained.

No other details were released.

Original story:

July 15, 2023 — At least one explosion and a fire last night at a Dow plant in Plaquemine LA south of Baton Rouge (in Iberville Parish) have had firefighting crews working overnight.

The plant is among the largest petrochemical facilities in Louisiana.

The location of the fire is said to be in an area that processes glycol at the Glycol 2 unit, according to the Baton Rouge Advocate.

Local news media quoted Dow as saying there were no injuries reported and all those who work at the plant are accounted for.

Some local residents said there were multiple explosions; extent of damage to the plant is unknown so far; the time of the blasts is said to have been about 9:20 pm.

A shelter in place was called for those living within half a mile of the plant, estimated by WDSU-TV to be about 350 homes.

The fire comes about a year after a large leak of chlorine at Dow’s neighbor, Olin Chemical, which is inside the 1,500-acre complex north of Plaquemine.

There is video said to be of the explosion, causing some speculation on social media.


EIA Expects Crude Oil Prices to Rise

By Alex Mills

Yes, if you think retail gasoline prices have been somewhat stable this year, you would be correct.

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) at the U.S. Department of Energy noted the U.S. gasoline price has been between $3.50 and $3.75 for most of the time since Jan. 1. The average on July 10 was $3.546.

The primary reason is crude oil prices have been constant, too, ranging from $70 to $75 per barrel.

However, EIA forecast this week a rise in oil prices during the remainder of this year.

“We forecast higher oil prices in the second half of 2023 and into 2024 on the back of moderate but persistent inventory drawdowns in our most recent Short-Term Energy Outlook,” EIA stated.

“Our forecast supports the Brent crude oil price rising to the mid-$80 per barrel range by the end of 2024, up from the June 2023 average of $75 per barrel. We forecast the West Texas Intermediate crude oil price will follow a similar path and maintain a $5 per barrel discount to Brent,” EIA said.

The reasons for the expected rise in price are: (1) forecasters across the globe expect consumption and demand to increase, and (2) forecasters believe supply is declining and will continue to decline through the remainder of 2023.

“We have slightly increased our forecasts for world petroleum consumption in recent months, in contrast to our downward revisions in world petroleum production,” EIA stated in their Short-Term Energy Outlook issued on Wednesday.

EIA expects China and India…

As Texas wind and solar capacity increase, energy curtailments are also likely to rise: EIA

In 2035, both projected wind and solar capacity and curtailments rise in ERCOT

Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, UPLAN model simulation of ERCOT power market, and Potomac Economics, State of the Market Report for the ERCOT Electricity Market, May 2023

We project combined wind and solar generating capacity in Texas’s power market will double by 2035, fueling a growing renewable share of total generation. However, without upgrades to the state’s transmission system, wind and solar generation will increasingly be curtailed, according to our recent analysis, A Case Study of Transmission Limits on Renewables Growth in Texas…..

Crude oil and natural gas proved reserves held by public companies fell slightly in 2022: EIA

annual proved reserves for 187 exploration and production companies

Data source: Evaluate Energy

International proved crude oil and natural gas reserves held by 187 publicly traded global exploration and production (E&P) companies declined by 5.6 billion barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) in 2022, or 2%, according to data from the companies’ annual financial reports. In 2020, proved reserves held by these public companies had dropped by 9% due primarily to the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, but in 2021, proved reserves increased by 9% from 2020.

Proved reserves are estimated volumes of hydrocarbon resources that an analysis of geologic and engineering data demonstrates with reasonable certainty are recoverable under existing economic and operating conditions. Company assessments of their proved reserves of crude oil and natural gas change from year to year because of revisions to existing reserves resulting from price changes, extensions and discoveries of new resources, purchases and sales of proved reserves, and production.

The decline in these companies’ proved reserves in 2022 was driven primarily by sales of producing properties in response to Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine. In 2022, some large oil companies, including bp and TotalEnergies, divested from Russia. Those divestments, categorized as sales of property in the data, reduced total proved reserves reported by these E&P companies by 12.0 billion BOE in 2022….

Texas Creates Task Force to Evaluate Charging Needs for ZEV Trucks: EDF

July 8, 2023 — Texas will create an interagency task force to evaluate infrastructure charging and capacity needs for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, a tremendous step forward in the state’s ongoing efforts to support the zero-emission vehicle industry.

The taskforce is the result of a rider adopted in the state budget, which was signed into law earlier this month. The rider requires the Texas Department of Transportation to coordinate with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, the Public Utility Commission and the Electric Reliability Council of Texas to “evaluate how to deploy zero-emission medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicle charging infrastructure to best support growth in that market” in a way that will “maximize competitiveness, innovation, and efficiency, while also maintaining the integrity and cost-effectiveness of the Texas grid.”


The rider details specific items the taskforce must examine, including:

  • Evaluate national, state and local laws and regulations that impact the manufacturing, operations and public and private investments in the development of MHDV charging infrastructure.
  • Identify opportunities for private fleets to better exchange information with utilities and relative state agencies regarding charging profiles and energy needs for the different classes of zero-emission vehicles in the state.
  • Examine what policies and statewide oversight may be most beneficial to helping expand MHDV charging infrastructure throughout the state.

The newly created task force is the latest example of Texas charting its own, unique path towards the zero-emission transportation future. While states like CaliforniaNew YorkNew Jersey and many other states are pursuing the transition through adoption of Advanced Clean Truck rules, Texas is following its traditional low-regulation, light-touch approach to move into the zero-emission vehicle space at the industry’s pace.

So far, it’s been working. Last summer, the state of Texas awarded $8 million in incentives for the purchase of new electric heavy-duty trucks. That total increased ten-fold this month, with TCEQ announcing $87 million for an all-electric grant program targeted almost entirely at replacing Class 4-8 medium- and heavy-duty trucks and buses. Increased private-sector investments, buoyed by federal grant funding through the IIJA and IRA, are coming together to make the state of Texas one of the top places where fleets are looking to place zero-emission trucks.

With financial assistance for deployment of zero-emission fleets advancing, the task force will take a head-on approach to the other major challenge that comes with zero-emission MHDV adoption: certainty around charging infrastructure.

For fleets and utilities, expanding charging infrastructure can be a chicken-and-egg situation. Fleets want to deploy more ZEV trucks, but only if they know the infrastructure will be there to support them. Utilities in Texas are eager to deliver and provide charging for fleets, but they need to know when and where those deployments will occur.

Rep. Armando Walle, who carried the budget rider and has sat on the powerful budget conference committee the past three legislative sessions, decided to pursue the creation of the task force to break the logjam. The rider brings together the relevant state agencies and instructs them to coordinate directly with fleets, utilities, local governments and community groups. This creates space for all involved parties to determine how to balance regional needs and capacities that allow for flexibility with infrastructure adoption. Additionally, statewide, uniform policies are established to create certainty for fleets that will move vehicles throughout the Lone Star State.

The task force will hold quarterly meetings, beginning in the fall of 2023, and are required to provide a report to the Legislature about their findings by October 1, 2024. EDF will play a close, hands-on role throughout the process, with the goal of advancing a bill or series of bills for the next legislative session, beginning in January 2025 that can further advance the transition to zero-emission vehicles in Texas.


Questions Arise About Volume of Global Oil Supplies

By Alex Mills

Oil production by Saudi Arabia and Russia

Saudi Arabia’s extension of its 1 million barrels per day (b/d) production into August has had little to no effect on overall oil prices, with ICE Brent settling at $74.65 per barrel at the end of the day, 35 cents lower than last Friday, Oilprice.com reported on July 4.

“All this indicates that OPEC+’s supply cuts are perceived by the market at large as a bearish signal of suppliers wary of slackening demand, rather than Riyadh cornering the physical market,” Oilprice stated.

“Whilst Russia refrained from additional supply cuts, it did promise to cut its crude export by 500,000 b/d, however, the current pace of loadings is already 450,000 b/d lower than May. The only time when Saudi Arabia was producing 9 million b/d or less on a sustainable basis was in peak COVID period in early 2021 and during the Great financial crisis of 2008.”

LNG sets record

In 2022, global trade in liquefied natural gas (LNG) set a record high, averaging 51.7 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d), a 5% increase compared with 2021, according to data by CEDIGAZ. Liquefaction capacity additions, primarily in the United States, drove growth in global LNG trade. At the same time, increased LNG demand in Europe also contributed to trade growth as LNG continued to displace pipeline natural gas imports from Russia.

Texas Energy Report stated Cheniere Energy Inc’s Sabine Pass LNG export facility returned to full production this week after undergoing maintenance, data from Refinitiv showed. The increased production is expected to help third quarter exports of U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) which fell in May to 7.66 million tonnes from a record 8.01 million tonnes in April, as plant maintenance curbed some output.

Investors re-looking at petroleum companies?

The first half of 2023 has been tough for oil and gas companies, but some investors are turning bullish on energy stocks. Texas Energy Report notes that out of the S&P 500 index’s 11 sectors, analysts are the most optimistic about the energy industry, with the sector earning roughly 60% of buy ratings, according to FactSet. Energy stocks have fallen 7.8% this year, compared to a gain of 14.5% for the S&P 500.

Tesla sets record

Tesla reports it delivered 466,140 Teslas in the second quarter, a record and around 24,000 more than analysts polled by FactSet forecast. Production outpaced deliveries for the fifth consecutive quarter, meaning that Tesla’s inventories are still increasing despite better sales. This gives the company a reason to continue finding ways to stimulate additional demand, such as a June offer that any Model 3 ordered before the end of the quarter would come with three months of free charging, the Wall Street Journal reported.

Wind takes a hit

Costly failures at wind turbine manufacturer Siemens Gamesa last month sent shares of parent company tumbling 37%, and analysts are concerned about wider problems across the industry. Siemens Energy CEO Christian Bruch said “too much had been swept under the carpet” at Siemens Gamesa and that the quality issues were “more severe than [he] thought possible.”  The problem involves critical components like bearings and blades.

Alex Mills is the former President of the Texas Alliance of Energy Producers.

Utility CEOs received $3.2 billion in executive compensation from 2017 – 2022: Energy & Policy Institute

July 6, 2023 — Investor-owned electric and gas utilities paid their CEOs $3.2 billion between 2017 and 2022, according to corporate data reviewed by the Energy and Policy Institute.

CEOs for the 57 companies reviewed for this analysis received more than $578 million in 2022. Total utility CEO compensation declined from last year, as it did for most other major US companies. Large portions of CEO compensation depend on company stock prices, which fell in 2022 for most companies. “The decline marks the first time in a decade that compensation for top executives at the biggest U.S. companies didn’t reach new highs,” the Wall Street Journal reported.

Top paid CEOs led utilities implicated in scandals

The highest paid utility CEO in 2022 was NextEra Energy’s James Robo, whose compensation totaled $40.4 million after retiring in July 2022. The company also paid incoming CEO John Ketchum $17.4 million in 2022, for a total of $57.8 million to both CEOs during the year.

Exelon CEO Christopher Crane received the second highest compensation at $30 million, while Southern Company CEO Tom Fanning received $24 million.

All three of those top paid utility CEOs retired during the last year, and all three oversaw utilities whose subsidiaries have recently been implicated in high-profile scandals. NextEra subsidiary Florida Power & Light paid millions of dollars to consultants who helped to run spoiler candidates in Florida State Senate elections. Exelon subsidiary ComEd agreed to pay $200 million three years ago to resolve a federal criminal investigation into a years-long bribery scheme as part of a deferred prosecution agreement. A federal jury recently found four former ComEd executives and associates guilty for bribery, record falsification, and conspiring to influence and reward the former Speaker of the Illinois House to assist with favorable utility legislation. A long-time consultant for Alabama Power, a Southern Company subsidiary, conducted surveillance of Tom Fanning “to influence corporate decision making and succession planning for his own benefit and at the direction of executives of Alabama Power Company,” according to a court filing by a former employee of the consultancy….

Two Counties in New Mexico Account for 29% of Permian Basin Crude Oil Production: EIA

monthly Permian Basin crude oil production by well type

Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration and Enverus

In southeastern New Mexico, horizontal wells in Lea and Eddy counties drove much of the recent growth in Permian Basin crude oil output. Output from horizontal wells in the two counties accounted for 29% of all crude oil production in the Permian Basin in the first quarter of 2023, averaging 1.7 million barrels per day (b/d), according to data from Enverus. The Permian Basin is the largest oil-producing basin in the United States, spanning 66 counties in southeastern New Mexico and western Texas…..

State NatGas Tax Income Drops More Than Half Y/Y: Comptroller

July 5, 2023 — State of Texas production tax income from natural gas dropped 58% year-over-year last month, according to the latest figures from Comptroller Glenn Hegar.

The natgas production tax brought in $184 million during June; oil production tax gathered $456 million, down 33% from June 2022.

Motor fuel taxes totaled $324 million, down less than 1% year-over-year, with motor vehicle sales and rental taxes up 2% from a year ago, at $597 million.

Yet Mr. Hegar stated upon releasing the figures, “Receipts…

‘Welcome Home’ — Veterans Honored with Special Trip to Nation’s Capital

NOTE: D. Alex Mills enlisted in the U.S. Army Security Agency in 1966 and was discharged in 1970. He lives in Wichita Falls, Texas, but he has family in the Kalamazoo, Michigan area. Through his family’s non-profit  O’Leary Foundation, Mr. Mills was asked to participate in an honor flight.  This is his report.

By D. Alex Mills

On a chilly Saturday morning in May, I had the honor and pleasure of accompanying 87 other veterans on an honor flight to the nation’s capital.

The emotional journey, organized by Talons Out Honor Flight, began at 4:30 a.m. with our arrival at Kalamazoo, Michigan Airport. Amazingly, some people were there and cheered and shook our hand during our arrival.

We registered, got our picture taken, got a sack breakfast, and waited to board the airplane for the nation’s capital. About an hour later a young lady announced that we were ready to board our chartered flight courtesy of American Airlines, but first we were going to sing the national anthem. As we began to sing, some saluted, others removed their caps and placed them over their heart and everyone sang together. Very moving.

Most of the veterans – 74 – served during Vietnam and 11 served during Korea and 3 during World War II. A majority of the vets served in the Army followed by Navy, Marines and Air Force.

Also, each veteran was accompanied by a family member or friend, called “guardian,” who was assigned to take care of us if needed because about one-third of the vets were in wheel chairs and most of the remainder of the group probably had not walked the six miles or so we encountered on the one-day tour. My guardian was my great nephew, C.J., who served in the Marines in Afghanistan.

The hour-and-fifteen minute flight received a water cannon salute in Kalamazoo and again at Washington Reagan Airport. Very impressive! The respect given to these soldiers, sailors, and airmen who served many decades ago brought tears of joy.

The weather in the nation’s capital was overcast, but cloudy skies and drizzling rain was not going spoil this day for these guys and ladies. By the way there were 3 women veterans in the group.

A short bus ride to Arlington National Cemetery and we arrived at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and the changing of the guard. The precision of the march of the guards, the timing of the three guards during the exchange of duty, and the beauty of the bugler playing Taps brought chills down my back and tears to my eyes.

Next stop the statue of Marines raising the flag of the United States at Iowa Jima during World War II, then to the Vietnam wall, Lincoln Memorial, Korean conflict, and World War II Memorial.

Everywhere we went in Washington we were greeted with strangers shaking our hand and thanking us for our service to the nation. Some even said “Welcome Home.”

During the flight back to Kalamazoo, the volunteers and staff of Talons Out Honor Flight gave each veteran a letters-from-home package, which included letters, cards, notes, etc. from our family members (adults and children) and some from even strangers expressing many emotions but they all boiled down to the feeling of “Welcome Home.”

“Welcome Home” touches the heart of all veterans but especially to Vietnam-era veterans because many did not get that “Welcome Home” feeling when they returned home some 50 years ago.

I, for one, always had pride I served in the Army, but many Vietnam-era vets were shaken by the controversy during the war and the treatment they received. Now, groups of citizens, like those in Kalamazoo, Michigan, have taken it upon themselves to say “Welcome Home” and it feels good!

The plane arrived just as the sun began to set in Kalamazoo, and we were met with a parade with a police escort to a nearby museum where hundreds of people warmly welcomed us home.

God bless and thanks to all of the staff and volunteers who took the time and effort to work on such a special event.  And thanks to everyone who thanks all veterans for their service and “welcomes us home.”